Independence from England
Before America was known as the "United States of America", it was a colony of England.
The king of England was the ruler.
The people who lived here were called colonists. They were British subjects.
King George the Third was the English king at that time.
The colonists had few rights. The American colonists were not treated with equality.
King George made all the laws for the colonists.
A British governor ruled each city. The colonists did not like this type of government.
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The Stamp Act
In 1765, King George decided to put a tax on the colonists. It was called the Stamp Act.
All the colonists had to buy stamps to put on newspapers, almanacs, and legal documents.
The colonists decided to protest this new law.
Some colonists formed an organization called "The Sons of Liberty".
Members of this organization asked people not to buy British merchandise.
Because the British merchants lost money, they asked the king to repeal the Stamp Act.
So the king repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.